The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry "The JPD" is the official publication of 25 leading U.S. and international Prosthodontic societies.
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The official publication of 25 leading U.S. and international prosthodontic societies. The JPD fosters excellence in the field of prosthodontics and restorative dentistry by publishing innovative research and techniques and by providing a professional forum to share information and industry insights.

TIP OF THE WEEK: A method of uprighting a mesially tilted adjacent tooth by using a dental implant as anchorage. Zhou J,...
11/12/2019

TIP OF THE WEEK: A method of uprighting a mesially tilted adjacent tooth by using a dental implant as anchorage.

Zhou J, Gan X, Han X, Razzoog ME, Zhu Z. Uprighting a mesially tilted mandibular left second molar with anchorage from a dental implant. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 May 18. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.03.015. [Epub ahead of print]

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Evaluating the clinical and esthetic outcomes of tissue-level implants with a convergent collar in th...
11/07/2019
Clinical outcomes of using a prosthetic protocol to rehabilitate tissue-level implants with a convergent collar in the esthetic zone: A 3-year prospective study

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Evaluating the clinical and esthetic outcomes of tissue-level implants with a convergent collar in the esthetic zone that has been rehabilitated following the biological oriented preparation technique approach.

Canullo L, Menini M, Covani U, Pesce P. Clinical outcomes of using a prosthetic protocol to rehabilitate tissue-level implants with a convergent collar in the aesthetic zone: A 3-year prospective study. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Jun 18. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2018.12.022. [Epub ahead of print]

Whether increasing the space for peri-implant soft tissues by using implant systems with conical or convergent transmucosal components would improve tissue stability and esthetics is unclear.

TIP OF THE WEEK: A digital workflow for flapless implant surgery after onlay block bone graft healing in the esthetic ar...
11/05/2019
Three dimensionally printed surgical guides for removing fixation screws from onlay bone grafts in flapless implant surgeries

TIP OF THE WEEK: A digital workflow for flapless implant surgery after onlay block bone graft healing in the esthetic area.

Pinhata-Baptista OH, Gonçalves RN, Gialain IO, Cavalcanti MGP, Tateno RY, Cortes ARG. 3D-printed surgical guides for removing fixation screws from onlay bone grafts in flapless implant surgeries. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Oct 4. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.05.022. [Epub ahead of print]

The present technique report describes a digital workflow for flapless implant surgery after onlay block bone graft healing in the esthetic area. Virtual removal of block fixation screws and optimal single-tooth implant position and digital crown waxing were planned from cone beam computed tomograph...

Red House Vineyard, near Portland, Oregon. Artist: Jim Janakievski, DDS, MSD.
11/01/2019

Red House Vineyard, near Portland, Oregon. Artist: Jim Janakievski, DDS, MSD.

Red House Vineyard, near Portland, Oregon. Artist: Jim Janakievski, DDS, MSD.
11/01/2019

Red House Vineyard, near Portland, Oregon. Artist: Jim Janakievski, DDS, MSD.

11/01/2019

Featured in the November 2019 issue of The JPD:
1. Complications and survival rates of 55 metal-ceramic implant-supported fixed complete-arch prostheses: A cohort study with mean 5-year follow-up.
2. Comparison of nonscheduled, postinsertion adjustment visits for complete dentures fabricated with conventional and CAD-CAM protocols: A clinical study.

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Comparing the performance of transocclusal screw-retained monolithic lithium disilicate crowns with t...
10/31/2019
Monolithic CAD-CAM lithium disilicate versus monolithic CAD-CAM zirconia for single implant-supported posterior crowns using a digital workflow: A 3-year cross-sectional retrospective study

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Comparing the performance of transocclusal screw-retained monolithic lithium disilicate crowns with that of transocclusal screw-retained monolithic zirconia crowns in the replacement of a single missing posterior tooth.

De Angelis P, Passarelli PC, Gasparini G, Boniello R, D’Amato G, De Angelis S. Monolithic CAD-CAM lithium disilicate versus monolithic CAD-CAM zirconia for single implant-supported posterior crowns using a digital workflow: A 3-year cross-sectional retrospective study. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Jun 12. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2018.11.016. [Epub ahead of print]

Dentistry has evolved significantly with the introduction of digital technologies and materials; however, clinical evidence for the performance of the complete digital workflow for single implant–supported posterior crowns is lacking.

TIP OF THE WEEK: A technique for fabricating removable complete dentures by using digital technology.Dang K, Wang Y, Zho...
10/29/2019
Functionally suitable digital removable complete dentures: A dental technique

TIP OF THE WEEK: A technique for fabricating removable complete dentures by using digital technology.

Dang K, Wang Y, Zhou Y, Sun Y. Functionally suitable digital removable complete dentures: A dental technique. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Oct 04. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.05.024. [Epub ahead of print]

This article describes a technique for fabricating removable complete dentures by using digital technology which aims to produce an individually designed, diagnostic, complete denture. This technology could reduce the number of appointments compared with traditional complete denture treatment and ha...

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Comparing the esthetic effect and color-matching behaviors of anatomic contour zirconia crowns manufa...
10/24/2019
Esthetic appearances of anatomic contour zirconia crowns made by additive wet deposition and subtractive dry milling: A self-controlled clinical trial

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Comparing the esthetic effect and color-matching behaviors of anatomic contour zirconia crowns manufactured with 3D gel deposition and dry milling methods.

Wright RA, Bidra AS, Kuo CL. Esthetic appearances of anatomic contour zirconia crowns made by additive wet deposition and subtractive dry milling: A self-controlled clinical trial. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Jul 12. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.02.016. [Epub ahead of print]

Anatomic contour zirconia crowns are widely used in clinical dental practice because of their mechanical reliability and improved appearance. However, few studies have performed clinical evaluations of the esthetics of these crowns in terms of color and translucency gradient.

TIP OF THE WEEK: The digital application of the functionally generated path technique to fabricate an implant-supported ...
10/22/2019
Application of the functionally generated path technique in designing an implant-supported fixed prosthesis with CAD-CAM technology: A dental technique

TIP OF THE WEEK: The digital application of the functionally generated path technique to fabricate an implant-supported fixed prosthesis.

Park S, Kim M, Yoo J, Yoon JH. Application of the functionally generated path technique in designing an implant-supported fixed prosthesis with CAD-CAM technology: A dental technique. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Oct 04. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.05.025. [Epub ahead of print]

A method involving the digital application of the functionally generated path (FGP) technique to fabricate an implant-supported fixed prosthesis is described. It uses an intraoral optical scanner, dental design software, and a specially designed removable FGP table. With this method, clinicians can....

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Obtaining standardized average values for the location of the sublingual artery, submental artery, an...
10/17/2019
An analysis of anterior mandibular anatomy by using cone beam computed tomography: A study of 225 mandibular images

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Obtaining standardized average values for the location of the sublingual artery, submental artery, and mandibular incisive canal and to determine whether differences exist between dentate and edentulous individuals.

Wright RA, Bidra AS, Kuo CL. An analysis of anterior mandibular anatomy using cone beam computed tomography: A study of 225 mandibular images. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Oct 4. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.06.025. [Epub ahead of print]

The anterior mandible has conventionally been deemed as a safe zone for dental implants. However, with the evolution of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), several anatomic challenges have been identified that, if violated, can lead to surgical complications, including life-threatening hemorrhage.

TIP OF THE WEEK: A conventional and digital technique to develop an esthetic, predictable, and definitive emergence prof...
10/15/2019
Copy milling to duplicate the emergence profile for implant-supported restorations

TIP OF THE WEEK: A conventional and digital technique to develop an esthetic, predictable, and definitive emergence profile modification for implant-supported restorations.

Conejo J, Atria PJ, Hirata R, Blatz MB. Copy milling to duplicate the emergence profile for implant-supported restoration. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Sep 30. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.05.035. [Epub ahead of print]

This technique article describes the duplication of a definitive implant-supported computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacture (CAD-CAM) crown with soft-tissue modification on a misplaced implant. Gingival contours were ideally shaped in the stone die, and a custom healing abutment was desi...

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Evaluating hard and soft peri-implant tissues in patients with 2 adjacent missing teeth in the anteri...
10/10/2019
Implant-supported 2-unit cantilevers compared with single crowns on adjacent implants: A comparative retrospective case series

CLINICAL RESEARCH: Evaluating hard and soft peri-implant tissues in patients with 2 adjacent missing teeth in the anterior area rehabilitated with implant-supported 2-unit cantilevers or single crowns on adjacent implants.

Roccuzzo A, Jensen SS, Worsaae N, Gotfredsen K. Implant-supported 2-unit cantilevers compared with single crowns on adjacent implants: A comparative retrospective case series. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Aug 20. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.04.024. [Epub ahead of print]

The replacement of 2 adjacent missing teeth remains a clinical challenge. Among the different treatment options, the use of a single implant to support a 2-unit cantilever fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) has been proposed in situations of limited mesiodistal space, even though the evidence for its use...

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW: Identifying and evaluating systematic reviews reporting on the clinical outcomes of zirconia implants...
10/09/2019
Clinical performance of zirconia implants: A meta-review

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW: Identifying and evaluating systematic reviews reporting on the clinical outcomes of zirconia implants for oral rehabilitation.

Afrashtehfar KI, Del Fabbro M. Clinical performance of zirconia implants: A meta-review. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Aug 23. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.05.017. [Epub ahead of print]

The clinical effectiveness of zirconia implants as an alternative to titanium implants is still controversial.

TIP OF THE WEEK: Designing digitally fabricated dentures by using general purpose software rather than dental computer-a...
10/08/2019
Combining 3D-printed metal and resin for digitally fabricated dentures: A dental technique

TIP OF THE WEEK: Designing digitally fabricated dentures by using general purpose software rather than dental computer-aided design (CAD) software.

Park C, Kee W, Lim HP, Park SW. Combining 3D-printed metal and resin for digitally fabricated dentures: A dental technique. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Sep 17. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.04.019. [Epub ahead of print]

Most digitally fabricated removable dentures are currently available in resin only. To overcome this limitation, digitally fabricated dentures were designed by using general purpose software rather than dental computer-aided design (CAD) software. The functional cusps were made in metal and the den...

CLINICAL REPORT: A novel abutment and prosthesis retention system engineered to achieve the esthetics and retention forc...
10/03/2019
Evaluation of a shape memory implant abutment system: An up to 6-month pilot clinical study

CLINICAL REPORT: A novel abutment and prosthesis retention system engineered to achieve the esthetics and retention force of cement-based fixation while maintaining the retrievability of screw-retained restorations.

Shah KC, Linsley CS, Wu BM. Evaluation of a shape memory implant abutment system: An up to 6-month pilot clinical study J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Jun 18. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2018.11.012. [Epub ahead of print]

Screw- and cement-based retention mechanisms are used to attach prostheses to dental implants; however, each approach can lead to clinical complications such as crown fracturing or peri-implantitis. A novel abutment and prosthesis retention system has been engineered to achieve the esthetics and ret...

Hoh Rainforest, Olympic National Park, Forks, Washington. Artist: Jim Janakievski, DDS, MSD.
10/02/2019

Hoh Rainforest, Olympic National Park, Forks, Washington. Artist: Jim Janakievski, DDS, MSD.

Hoh Rainforest, Olympic National Park, Forks, Washington. Artist: Jim Janakievski, DDS, MSD.
10/02/2019

Hoh Rainforest, Olympic National Park, Forks, Washington. Artist: Jim Janakievski, DDS, MSD.

10/02/2019

Featured in the October 2019 issue of The JPD:
1. Implementation of a surgical safety checklist for dental implant surgeries in a prosthodontics residency program.
2. Preclinical application of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 on bone substitutes for vertical bone augmentation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

TIP OF THE WEEK: A straightforward, in-office, and inexpensive alternative for testing and recalibrating a toggle torque...
10/01/2019
Testing and calibrating the mechanical-type toggle torque wrenches used in implant dentistry: A dental technique

TIP OF THE WEEK: A straightforward, in-office, and inexpensive alternative for testing and recalibrating a toggle torque wrench.

Wadhwani CPK, O/Brien R, Rosen PS, Chung KH. Testing and calibrating mechanical-type Toggle torque wrenches used in implant dentistry: A dental technique. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Aug 2. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.04.021. [Epub ahead of print]

Abutment screw loosening is still the most common complication reported with implant-supported crowns. One factor that contributes to screw loosening is not achieving the proper torque during the tightening process. Torque application and measurement is usually achieved by using one of the available...

CLINICAL REPORT: A chemical abrasive protocol and whitening technique to quantify modifications to the color and volume ...
09/26/2019
A tooth whitening and chemical abrasive protocol for the treatment of developmental enamel defects

CLINICAL REPORT: A chemical abrasive protocol and whitening technique to quantify modifications to the color and volume produced when eliminating white spots associated with developmental defects in enamel.

Román-Rodríguez JL, Agustín-Panadero R, Roig-Vanaclocha A, Amengual J. A tooth-whitening and chemical-abrasive protocol for treatment of enamel developmental defects. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Jul 12. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.02.015. [Epub ahead of print]

This clinical report describes a chemical abrasive protocol and whitening techniques to quantify modifications to the color and volume produced when eliminating white spots associated with developmental defects in enamel. Chemical (oxidative-erosive) abrasive treatment (whitening + 6.6% hydrochlori...

TIP OF THE WEEK: A straightforward and time-efficient technique for recording digital scans in single- and multiple-unit...
09/24/2019
Interim restoration technique for gingival displacement with a feather-edge preparation design and digital scan

TIP OF THE WEEK: A straightforward and time-efficient technique for recording digital scans in single- and multiple-unit tooth abutments with feather-edge finish lines.

Schmitz JH, Valenti M. Interim restoration technique for gingival displacement with a feather-edge preparation design and digital scan. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Jul 30. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.04.020. [Epub ahead of print]

A straightforward and time-efficient technique is presented for recording digital scans in single- and multiple-unit tooth abutments with feather-edge finish lines. The margins of the interim restoration should be precise and sufficiently deep in the sulcus so that the tissues can be properly displa...

CLINICAL REPORT: Effectiveness of a spray technique for increasing maximal mouth opening without passive stretching to a...
09/19/2019
Spray and stretch technique and its effects on mouth opening

CLINICAL REPORT: Effectiveness of a spray technique for increasing maximal mouth opening without passive stretching to avoid patient discomfort.

Koole P, Zonnenberg AJJ, Koole R. Spray and stretch technique and its effects on mouth opening. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 July 17. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.05.032. [Epub ahead of print]

Mandibular mouth opening through passive stretching may be an awkward and painful experience for patients with orofacial pain. Whether a spray technique would reduce such discomfort is unclear.

09/17/2019
TIP OF THE WEEK

TIP OF THE WEEK: A technique for 4-D digital prediction of the outcome of esthetic dentistry for a virtual patient.

Ye H, Wang KP, Liu Y, Zhou Y. Four-dimensional digital prediction of the esthetic outcome and digital implementation for rehabilitation in the esthetic zone. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Aug 2. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.04.007. [Epub ahead of print]

https://www.thejpd.org/article/S0022-3913(19)30288-4/abstract

CLINICAL REPORT: A digital workflow for the complete-mouth rehabilitation of a patient with severe tooth wear by creatin...
09/12/2019
A facially driven complete-mouth rehabilitation with ultrathin CAD-CAM composite resin veneers for a patient with severe tooth wear: A minimally invasive approach

CLINICAL REPORT: A digital workflow for the complete-mouth rehabilitation of a patient with severe tooth wear by creating a 3D virtual patient and adopting an additive approach with minimal tooth preparation.

Ferrando-Cascales Á, Astudillo-Rubio D, Pascual-Moscardó A, Delgado-Gaete A. A facially driven complete-mouth rehabilitation with ultrathin CAD-CAM composite resin veneers for a patient with severe tooth wear: A minimally invasive approach. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Aug 02. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.04.011. [Epub ahead of print]

The development of technologies that include face scanning and dental software has improved workflows in dentistry. Digital files make it possible to create a 3-dimensional virtual image of the patient that helps the clinician plan treatment and make decisions, reducing uncertainty and improving com...

TIP OF THE WEEK: A technique that allows evaluation of the accuracy of a dental implant's position after computer-guided...
09/10/2019
Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

TIP OF THE WEEK: A technique that allows evaluation of the accuracy of a dental implant's position after computer-guided implant surgery without postoperative radiography.

Son K, Huang MY, Lee KB. A method to evaluate the accuracy of dental implant placement without postoperative radiography after computer-guided implant surgery: A dental technique. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 Aug 2. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.04.015. [Epub ahead of print]

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CLINICAL REPORT: A means of fabricating a periodontal prosthesis accurately and efficiently using CAD-CAM technology.Yeu...
09/05/2019
A CAD-CAM approach for designing and fabricating a periodontal prosthesis: A clinical report

CLINICAL REPORT: A means of fabricating a periodontal prosthesis accurately and efficiently using CAD-CAM technology.

Yeung S, Parminter P, Goto Y, Aghivinian C. A CAD/CAM approach for designing and fabricating a periodontal prosthesis: A clinical report. J Prosthet Dent. 2019 July 26. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.02.021. [Epub ahead of print]

The periodontal prosthesis is a successful retrievable fixed restoration provided for patients with a periodontally involved dentition who lack alternative fixed options. However, its popularity has declined due to the introduction of dental implants, as well as the cost and complexity of fabricatio...

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