JAMA Network Open

JAMA Network Open JAMA Network Open is an international, peer-reviewed, open access, general medical journal that publi

Genetic factors may explain a large part of the association of screen time with both attention problems and internalizin...
11/06/2023

Genetic factors may explain a large part of the association of screen time with both attention problems and internalizing problems among children, suggesting reducing children’s screen time may not improve their well-being and mental health.

This cohort study evaluates the extent of genetic confounding in the association of screen time with mental health problems among preadolescent children.

After the Korean Health Insurance Service began covering home-based hospice care, patients with cancer were more likely ...
11/06/2023

After the Korean Health Insurance Service began covering home-based hospice care, patients with cancer were more likely to die at home, and may also contribute to improving their end-of-life quality of life.

This cohort study investigates the changes in the place of death of patients with cancer after the introduction of insurance-covered, home-based hospice care services in Korea.

11/05/2023

A Chicago-based survey finds parents who teleworked (“worked-from-home”) after the start of the pandemic report higher parental stress than parents who worked on-site, but there were no differences in self-reported general or mental health.

Sleep disturbance is common among emergency medicine health care workers. Most participants in this cross-sectional stud...
11/05/2023

Sleep disturbance is common among emergency medicine health care workers. Most participants in this cross-sectional study reported poor sleep and insomnia symptoms, both of which were associated with burnout.

This cross-sectional study examines the association of sleep disturbances with burnout among emergency medicine health care workers.

Cohort study identified a significant risk of abrupt discontinuation of long-term high-dose opioid treatment, with the a...
11/04/2023

Cohort study identified a significant risk of abrupt discontinuation of long-term high-dose opioid treatment, with the associated sociodemographic factors consistent with prior research.

This cohort study investigates factors associated with abrupt discontinuation of long-term high-dose opioid treatment at the national level and across US states.

In this nationally representative cross-sectional study of US adults using NCI's  data, findings suggest that conservati...
11/04/2023

In this nationally representative cross-sectional study of US adults using NCI's data, findings suggest that conservative viewpoints were associated with lower trust in government health agencies for obtaining cancer information.

This cross-sectional study assesses the association between political ideology and trust in government health agencies for cancer information.

11/04/2023

Machine learning models accurately predicted foregone preventive dental care; the models had low precision in discriminating the outcome for underrepresented minority groups, highlighting the importance of evaluating algorithms’ fairness.

In this cohort study of 405 Namibian residents with breast cancer, marked racial disparities in survival were paralleled...
11/04/2023

In this cohort study of 405 Namibian residents with breast cancer, marked racial disparities in survival were paralleled by inequities all along the breast cancer journey. Shortening time to diagnosis and strengthening treatment completion rates are priorities.

This cohort study describes the breast cancer journey of Namibian women by race using the World Health Organization Global Breast Cancer Initiative framework.

11/03/2023

In hospitalized neonatal patients, dexmedetomidine use has increased over time. Future studies are required to further examine dexmedetomidine’s short- and long-term effects in this population.

Permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation due to postoperative heart block in pediatric patients imposes a substantial fina...
11/03/2023

Permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation due to postoperative heart block in pediatric patients imposes a substantial financial burden on patients and their families; thus, reducing the incidence of PPM implantation should be a focused goal of congenital heart surgeries.

This economic evaluation study assesses the trends in permanent pacemaker implantation after pediatric congenital heart surgery and estimates the 20-year financial burden to patients and their families.

11/03/2023

This cost-effectiveness study of a pharmacist-prescribing intervention to improve blood pressure control found that a 50% uptake would result in over $1 trillion in cost savings and save 30 million life-years over 30 years.

11/03/2023

E-cigarette use remained high among adults 18-24 (18%) after the start of the pandemic. Over 70% of 18-20 year-olds using e-cigarettes had not smoked before. E-cigarette use requires targeted public health policies.

E-scooter injuries decreased after introducing 20 km/h speed limit and nighttime restrictions, in this retrospective coh...
11/03/2023

E-scooter injuries decreased after introducing 20 km/h speed limit and nighttime restrictions, in this retrospective cohort study in Helsinki, Finland. Similar restrictions in cities with shared e-scooter services may be warranted.

This cohort study evaluates the association of restrictions on top speed and nighttime usage on the incidence of electric scooter–related injuries.

Physiological-based cord clamping by performing extrauterine placental perfusion of very low birth weight infants improv...
11/03/2023

Physiological-based cord clamping by performing extrauterine placental perfusion of very low birth weight infants improves peripheral & cerebral oxygenation (vs to delayed cord clamping) during neonatal transition, and results in comparable hematocrit. https://ja.ma/3sfPnjV

For ED patients with small bowel obstruction, a model using clinical characteristics alone performed equivalently to a m...
11/03/2023

For ED patients with small bowel obstruction, a model using clinical characteristics alone performed equivalently to a model combining clinical features and CT findings in predicting need for operative intervention.

This comparative effectiveness research compares the ability of clinical features vs clinical features with computed tomography (CT) to estimate the need for small bowel obstruction surgery.

This qualitative study of cannabis va**ng content on YouTube identified frequent claims about health benefits from va**n...
11/03/2023

This qualitative study of cannabis va**ng content on YouTube identified frequent claims about health benefits from va**ng cannabis, infrequent discussion of health risks, frequent purchasing links, and inadequate age restrictions.

This qualitative study assesses the content of YouTube videos showing use and modifications of electronic ni****ne delivery systems to v**e cannabis.

Atropine 0.05% and outdoor activity are cost-effective options for controlling myopia progression in children. Red light...
11/03/2023

Atropine 0.05% and outdoor activity are cost-effective options for controlling myopia progression in children. Red light therapy, highly aspherical lenses (HALs), and orthokeratology may also be cost-effective options, but with increased costs.

This economic evaluation study uses a Markov model to assess the cost-effectiveness of the current myopia progression interventions in a hypothetical cohort of children aged 10 years.

Women at midlife with higher PTSD symptoms had more carotid atherosclerosis. In APOEɛ4 genotype carriers, women with hig...
11/03/2023

Women at midlife with higher PTSD symptoms had more carotid atherosclerosis. In APOEɛ4 genotype carriers, women with higher PTSD symptoms had more brain small vessel disease and poorer cognition.

This cross-sectional study assesses associations of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms with carotid intima media thickness and white matter hyperintensity volume among midlife women and by APOEε4 status.

Dostarlimab monotherapy demonstrated durable antitumor activity across multiple tumor types in patients with mismatch re...
11/02/2023

Dostarlimab monotherapy demonstrated durable antitumor activity across multiple tumor types in patients with mismatch repair deficient and microsatellite instability– high advanced or recurrent solid tumors.

This nonrandomized controlled trial assesses the antitumor activity and safety of dostarlimab in patients with advanced or recurrent mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) solid tumors.

This cohort study evaluates racial disparities among candidates for hepatocellular carcinoma liver transplant following ...
11/02/2023

This cohort study evaluates racial disparities among candidates for hepatocellular carcinoma liver transplant following a 6-month wait policy change.

This cohort study evaluates racial disparities among candidates for hepatocellular carcinoma liver transplant following a 6-month wait policy change.

RCT: Daily use of a Streptococcus salivarius K12 oral probiotic product for 6 months did not reduce the occurrence of ac...
11/02/2023

RCT: Daily use of a Streptococcus salivarius K12 oral probiotic product for 6 months did not reduce the occurrence of acute otitis media in children 1-6 years old attending day care. https://ja.ma/45VUNOS

RCT: Adapted mindfulness training may improve healthy eating patterns and DASH diet adherence at 6 months. https://ja.ma...
11/02/2023

RCT: Adapted mindfulness training may improve healthy eating patterns and DASH diet adherence at 6 months. https://ja.ma/3FFCm6n

The JAMA Network continues to seek a new Editor in Chief for JAMA Network Open.Interested candidates should submit a Let...
11/02/2023

The JAMA Network continues to seek a new Editor in Chief for JAMA Network Open.

Interested candidates should submit a Letter of Intent and CV by November 15, 2023, to [email protected]

Learn more: https://ja.ma/471MkdK

Women have higher age- and tumor stage-specific lung adenocarcinoma rates than men among both never- and ever-smokers in...
11/02/2023

Women have higher age- and tumor stage-specific lung adenocarcinoma rates than men among both never- and ever-smokers in Taiwan, in this study of >1k adults with cancer, 2011—2019.

This cohort study compares incidence rates of lung adenocarcinoma between men and women in Taiwan by smoking status, age, and disease stage.

Meta-analysis: Adding docetaxel may reduce death from prostate cancer in patients with low prostate-specific antigen, hi...
11/01/2023

Meta-analysis: Adding docetaxel may reduce death from prostate cancer in patients with low prostate-specific antigen, high grade non-metastatic prostate cancer.

This meta-analysis evaluates whether adding docetaxel to testosterone suppression plus curative local treatment was associated with decreased mortality among patients with high-grade, localized or locally advanced, nonmetastatic prostate cancer with low serum levels of prostate-specific antigen...

Neuroimaging multilevel kernel density meta-analysis using (MKDA) of 83 studies finds prior adversity is associated with...
11/01/2023

Neuroimaging multilevel kernel density meta-analysis using (MKDA) of 83 studies finds prior adversity is associated with greater amygdala and diminished prefrontal cortex reactivity in adults.

This meta-analysis investigates the association of adverse life experiences and altered brain reactivity measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

This randomized clinical trial found that participation in the Strong African American Families (SAAF) program may reduc...
11/01/2023

This randomized clinical trial found that participation in the Strong African American Families (SAAF) program may reduce the mental health consequences of experiencing racial discrimination among Black adolescents.

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial investigates whether participation in the Strong African American Families program moderates Black adolescents’ depressive symptoms associated with experience of racial discrimination.

Listen to an interview with Shama Cash-Goldwasser, MD, MPH, and Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH, authors of "Masks During Pan...
11/01/2023

Listen to an interview with Shama Cash-Goldwasser, MD, MPH, and Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH, authors of "Masks During Pandemics Caused by Respiratory Pathogens—Evidence and Implications for Action." Hosted by Angel N. Desai, MD, MPH.

Interview with Shama Cash-Goldwasser, MD, MPH, and Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH, authors of Masks During Pandemics Caused by Respiratory Pathogens—Evidence and Implications for Action. Hosted by Angel N. Desai, MD, MPH.

11/01/2023

This study found that long-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter is associated with lower academic performance among children in North Carolina.

Use and awareness of 988 is higher among people with serious and moderate psychological distress. About 1 in 20 people w...
11/01/2023

Use and awareness of 988 is higher among people with serious and moderate psychological distress. About 1 in 20 people with serious distress have used 988, but only about 1 in 3 of them were very likely to use it in the future.

This cross-sectional study assesses variations in use, potential use, and awareness of the 988 Su***de and Crisis Lifeline among people with varying levels of psychological distress.

The findings of this qualitative study suggest how limited information about systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), experie...
11/01/2023

The findings of this qualitative study suggest how limited information about systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), experiences of racism, treatment regimens, and social risk factors may affect Black adults with SLE.

This qualitative study presents the results of interviews with Black individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus on their experiences and perspectives regarding health care.

Systemic steroids for immune-related adverse events (irAEs) are not associated w/ decreased survival; early steroids (20...
11/01/2023

Systemic steroids for immune-related adverse events (irAEs) are not associated w/ decreased survival; early steroids (20k veterans.

This cohort study analyzes the association of systemic steroids for immune-related adverse events (irAEs) with survival among patients with cancer who have received immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy.

Women and parents report greater burden from early AM/late PM multi-disciplinary tumor boards. Radiologists, pathologist...
11/01/2023

Women and parents report greater burden from early AM/late PM multi-disciplinary tumor boards. Radiologists, pathologists, those with ≥2 kids, or attending ≥3 hrs/wk of tumor boards report greater overall burden.

This survey study investigates what physician-related and tumor board–related factors are associated with higher tumor board burden among oncology physicians.

Adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery for resected brain metastases within 22-30 days minimizes both local failure and post...
11/01/2023

Adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery for resected brain metastases within 22-30 days minimizes both local failure and post-treatment radiation effects.

This cohort study evaluates whether adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery delivered within a median of 14 days after resection of brain metastases is associated with improved local failure without a concomitant increase in posttreatment adverse radiation effects.

For patients with HBV-related hepatocellular cancer undergoing curative liver resection, TDF outperforms ETV in long-ter...
10/31/2023

For patients with HBV-related hepatocellular cancer undergoing curative liver resection, TDF outperforms ETV in long-term overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates, finds retrospective cohort study.

This cohort study explores differences in recurrence-free survival and overall survival associated with tenofovir disoproxil vs entecavir after liver resection with curative intent in patients with hepatocellular cancer (HCC) related to hepatitis B virus (HBV).

Preoperative Staphylococcus aureus carriage and certain types of surgery are associated with an increased risk of develo...
10/31/2023

Preoperative Staphylococcus aureus carriage and certain types of surgery are associated with an increased risk of developing Staphylococcus aureus surgical site and postoperative bloodstream infections, in the European ASPIRE-SSI cohort study.

This cohort study assesses the incidence of Staphylococcus aureus surgical site and bloodstream infections and examines factors associated with these infections among surgical patients with and without preoperative S aureus colonization.

10/31/2023

In women who experienced a pregnancy loss after IVF and embryo transfer, delaying the next frozen embryo transfer for 6 months may be associated with improved pregnancy outcomes, suggests retrospective cohort study.

In this cohort study of primary total knee arthroplasties in the VA, Staph aureus was the most common cause of prostheti...
10/31/2023

In this cohort study of primary total knee arthroplasties in the VA, Staph aureus was the most common cause of prosthetic joint infections (PJI), but Gram-negative bacteria were isolated in 15% of early cases.

This cohort study examines incidents rates, microbiological studies, and patient and surgical factors associated with prosthetic joint infection at 3 time points after total knee arthroplasty among US veterans.

Review of robust available data supports the use of face masks in community settings to reduce transmission of SARS-CoV-...
10/31/2023

Review of robust available data supports the use of face masks in community settings to reduce transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and should inform future responses to epidemics and pandemics caused by respiratory viruses.

This special communication evaluates the evidence on the association of face mask use with the spread of SARS-CoV-2.

JAMA Network Open, an international, peer-reviewed, open access, general medical journal, is seeking a new Editor in Chi...
10/31/2023

JAMA Network Open, an international, peer-reviewed, open access, general medical journal, is seeking a new Editor in Chief.

Interested candidates should submit a Letter of Intent and CV by Nov. 15, 2023, to: [email protected]

Learn more https://ja.ma/3Q3Ak4E

Address

330 N Wabash Avenue
Chicago, IL
60611

Alerts

Be the first to know and let us send you an email when JAMA Network Open posts news and promotions. Your email address will not be used for any other purpose, and you can unsubscribe at any time.

Contact The Business

Send a message to JAMA Network Open:

Videos

Share

Nearby health & beauty businesses


Other Medical & Health in Chicago

Show All

Comments

RCT: Eating 10 min longer during family mealtimes increased fruit and vegetable intake but not dessert or bread consumption. Longer family meals are a simple tool that may improve children’s health. https://ja.ma/42nmejr
Among high-cost children and youth, some have high levels of mental health care use and high costs of care. However, few children and youth persist in the high-cost state for many years. Integrated youth services may help reduce costs and improve outcomes. https://ja.ma/3O4CUI5
An international survey of current + optimal practices in childhood asthma monitoring found it is performed generally homogeneously worldwide, usually following evidence-based standards. Between-visit monitoring needs to be standardized and expanded. https://ja.ma/3I4K1fP
UTI, bacteremia, and meningitis prevalence was low in infants testing positive for SARS-CoV-2, particularly those with normal inflammatory markers, or 29-60 days old. https://ja.ma/44S63MK
Meta-analysis: Induction of labor at 39 weeks' gestation was associated with 37% lower risk of perineal injury, but a 22% higher risk of shoulder dystocia in nulliparous women. https://ja.ma/3VVkwU5
Attendings and residents report that the EHR was the dominant communication modality among teams, facilitating straightforward + task-related communication but limiting rich or social communication, and negatively affects team function + well-being. https://ja.ma/42MgiQU
No differences in total brain volumetric measures were observed between youths who reported gender diversity and youths who did not, but may correlate with specific brain morphologic features in the inferior temporal gyrus. https://ja.ma/3VWhEq6
Low-level arsenic exposure in children in India is associated with brain anomalies and impairments in executive function. Improvements in nutrition and living conditions may ameliorate the effects. https://ja.ma/3O7MsCf
This RCT investigating initial management of screen-detected peripartum depression found no differences between immediate, activated referral to care and a brief problem-solving intervention. https://ja.ma/42MgaRq
In the 6 months prior to diagnosis, patients with lung cancer had more weight loss (recorded by primary care clinicians or by objective measures) vs controls matched by age + s*x + smoking status, demonstrating a potential opportunity for early diagnosis. https://ja.ma/41nOXn7
Low ERBB2 expression was not associated with prognosis in patients with HR-positive metastatic breast cancer treated with targeted therapies + endocrine therapy. https://ja.ma/3LUwh8z
Pooling data from 7 US community-based pediatric health studies to quantify racial + ethnic representativeness with Bland-Altman analysis finds that within-group disparities are obscured by overall means comparisons. https://ja.ma/41tDu5r
Depression and anxiety were not associated with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection but were associated with self-reported -like symptoms, even when SARS-CoV-2 serology was negative: suggesting factors other than SARS-CoV-2 mediate the association. https://ja.ma/41v0gdc
Diffusing Alpha-emitter Radiation Therapy (DaRT) for patients with recurrent or unresectable skin cancer is feasible and well-tolerated (no grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events) with good response rates; a multicenter international trial is underway. https://ja.ma/3VSvhGP
This cohort study assesses the frequency of disability reporting and request for accommodations among first-year resident physicians with disabilities and identifies possible drivers of nonrequest for needed accommodations among this population. https://ja.ma/3I2QbNP
A multifaceted antibiotic stewardship initiative to decrease inappropriate prescribing was linked with reduced antibiotic use in urgent care respiratory conditions at a large, integrated healthcare network. https://ja.ma/3LX6EUJ